STI is fundamental in realising Vision 2020 as it enhances efficiency and effectiveness in terms of the economic, societal, safety and environmental aspect of the nation. STI provides the foundation for the development of new and sustainable technologies to meet human needs as well as tackling global challenges such as health issues, climate change, aging society and changing lifestyle. In addressing these challenges, relevant policies on STI were introduced as follows:

(i) National Policy on Science, Technology and Innovation (2013 – 2020)

- charts new directions to guide the implementation of STI in creating a scientifically advanced nation for socio-economic transformation and inclusive growth. The policy framework focuses on the pivotal role of STI in the context of government transformation framework, knowledge-based economy and other rule changing factors to steer Malaysia towards a high income nation that is sustainable and inclusive. Six strategic thrusts have been identified to drive STI as follows:

  • Advancing scientific and social research, development and commercialisation;
  • Developing, harnessing and intensifying talent;
  • Energising industries;
  • Transforming STI governance;
  • Promoting and sensitising STI; and
  • Enhancing strategic international alliances.

(ii) National Biotechnology Policy (2005 – 2020)

- envisions that biotechnology will be a new economic engine for Malaysia and aims to build a conducive environment for R&D and industry development whilst leveraging on existing areas of strength. The policy is underpinned by nine strategic thrust as follows:

  • Agriculture biotechnology development;
  • Healthcare biotechnology development;
  • Industrial biotechnology development;
  • R&D and technology acquisition;
  • Human capital development;
  • Financial infrastructure development;
  • Legislative and regulatory framework development;
  • Strategic positioning; and
  • Government commitment.

(iii) National Space Policy (2017 – 2030)

- aim to drive development in the national space sector in order to contribute towards a new and strategic economic growth. The policy encompasses five strategic thrust as follows:

  • Strengthening governance in optimisation of national access to space capabilities;
  • Focusing on space technologies, infrastructure and applications that are significant to Malaysia;
  • Driving the development of space science and technology as well as human capital;
  • Contributing to the economy and well-being of the nation;
  • Enhancing and strengthening international network and collaboration.